Buildings are listed when they are considered to be of special architectural or historic interest. This means that not only is your listed building important to you, but it is also important to your local community and contributes to the cultural heritage of Wales.
Listed buildings are valuable assets that cannot be replaced. Many have probably already changed over time and many may need further changes in the future. Conservation is the careful management of change; this means finding the best option to protect and enhance the special qualities of listed buildings so that present and future generations can appreciate and enjoy it. Caring for listed buildings appropriately, and retaining them in sustainable use helps ensure that they continue to contribute to the cultural heritage and value of Wrexham and Wales.
Within Wrexham County Borough there are over 1040 listed buildings ranging from castles, country houses, cottages, shops, farm buildings, bridges, churches, industrial buildings, memorials, milestones, gravestones and many other buildings and structures.
Once a building is listed it is graded according to its relative importance however it should be noted that there is no legal difference in the protection afforded to the grades:
- Grade I – Buildings considered to be of exceptional interest
- Grade II* - Important buildings of more than special interest
- Grade II – Buildings of special interest which warrant every effort to conserve them
Search for listed buildings in Wrexham Country Borough using:
- Cof Cymru – National Historic Assets in Wales (external link)
- Archwilio, the Historic Environment Record for Clwyd Powys Archaeological Trust (external link)
How are buildings listed?
Buildings are listed by the Welsh Government for their special architectural or historic interest, for close historical association (with nationally important people or events) or group value. Age and rarity are also considerations. All buildings erected prior to 1700, remaining substantially intact are listed, as are most buildings constructed between 1700 and 1840, although some selection is necessary to identify the best examples. Much greater selection is required for buildings dating from 1840 as so many more still remain. Buildings less than 30 years old are normally only listed if they are of outstanding quality or potentially under threat.
In considering whether to list a building, the Welsh Government is advised by Cadw: Welsh Historic Monuments. Anyone can recommend a building to be listed. New provisions under the Historic Environment (Wales) Act 2016 ensures that owners will be formally consulted when a building or structure is being considered for listing, making the designation process more open and easily understood. Buildings and structures being considered for listing will receive interim protection intended to safeguard historic assets from damage or destruction during the consultation period. An owner or occupier will now also be able to request a review of a new designation decision in line with the provisions set out in the Act (external link).
Listed Building Protection
Once a building or structure is listed it is protected by national legislation. This protection is afforded to the building in its entirety and both the interior (including fixtures) and exterior of the building are protected, regardless of the grade.
Any object or structure fixed to a listed building is also protected and this can include extensions (including modern additions), walls, porches and outbuildings.
Additionally structures or objects within the curtilage of a listed building which have been present on the land since before 1st July 1948 are also given protection. Such buildings and structures are known as ‘curtilage’ listed and can include outbuildings, walls, gates and gate piers, ice houses and pig sties etc.
Any works of alteration (including partial demolition), extension and repair to a listed building, which would affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest, require Listed Building Consent. If you are considering undertaking works to a listed building you are advised to contact Planning Services for further advice.
It should be noted that it is a criminal offence to execute or cause to be executed any works of demolition, alteration or extension to a listed building in any manner affecting its character without first obtaining listed building consent. It is also a criminal offence to fail to comply with any conditions attached to a listed building consent.